文藻外語大學總務處 -- 校園植物 Campus Plants
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校園植物 Campus Plants


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蘇鐵/Sago Palm
小葉邊緣反捲
Sago Palm has very hard smooth small leaves with edges curled backward.
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肯氏南洋杉/Hook Pine
葉硬而很尖銳,上部枝條向上ㄐA下部枝條則水平
Branches are arranged symmetrically. Leaves are pricky to touch.
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羅漢松/Large-leaf Podocarpus
葉披針形,尖端突尖
Got its Chinese name "羅漢" because its fruit resembles "a Lohan"
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玫瑰花/Rose
心皮多數,包於壺形花托內
Stems covered with thorns. Leaves are serrated.
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羊蹄甲屬/Orchid Tree
葉為單葉,尖端凹成羊蹄狀,莢果無翅
Hoofshaped leaves
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阿勃勒/Golden Shower Tree
莢果圓筒狀,不開裂
Gorgeous yellow flowers hanging in big bunches.
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鐵刀木/Rose Wood
雄蕊十枚,僅七枚具花藥
Lumber used for making fine furniture due to its hard and durable nature.
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鳳凰木/Flame Tree
二回羽狀複葉,總狀花序
Fiery red petals look like a phoenix
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千頭木麻黃/River Oak
植株低矮,萌芽力強,小枝濃密,容易整形
Suitable for hedges because of its strong building potential
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鵝掌藤/Schefflera
性喜高溫多濕,耐旱性F。室內、外種植皆宜
Durable,resistant to extreme weather conditions
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美人樹/Tobolochi
幼木樹幹濃綠色,成木之幹呈酒瓶狀
Younger trees have dark green colored bark. Older trees have wine bottle shaped trunks.
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欖仁樹/Indian Almond
枝水平輪生,果皮纖維化,能浮於海水
Leaves turn red and fall off in the winter. Fruit floats on water.
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南美蟛蜞菊/Wedelia
葉緣有鋸齒,對生,葉背有細毛
A fast-growing, low-crawling perennial plant that produces yellow daisy-like flowers
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小葉欖仁樹
葉小、提琴狀倒卵形,樹冠層次分明
Branches are arranged in orderly pattern
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黑板木/Palimara Alstonia
葉正面深綠,背面淺白色
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火焰木/African Tulip Tree
樹皮灰白色,花大形,猩紅色
Big flaming-red flowers in full bloom give the impression as if the tree were on fire
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茉莉花/Arabian Jasmine
花純白而芳香,供作茶之香片
Fragrant white flowers used to make jasmine tea
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芒果樹/Mango Tree
果實大形,為肉質核果
Milky juice from leaves, bark and fruits, can cause irritation to the skin. Avoid contact with milky juice
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大銀龍/Red Bird Cactus
形莖葉肥厚多肉有乳白色斑。總苞片鮮紅色,似拖鞋
No typical wooden trunk, the whole plant appears pulpy.
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黑板木/Palimara Alstonia
葉正面深綠,背面淺白色
It can grow very tall,sometimes even over 20 meters.
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七里香/Common Jasminorange
葉透之有油點。樹皮灰白色而薄
It produces strong odor and white flowers.Its fruit resembles a tiny orange
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馬纓丹/Common Lantana
小枝方形具L刺。莖葉均具刺激性惡臭
Butterfly's favorite nectar supplier
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番石榴/Guava Tree
樹皮光滑。漿果內有種子多數
Guava Tree produces green delicious fruit and has very shining bark.
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馬拉巴栗/Pachira-nut
種子可炒食,味美。根有粘液可做膠料
"American peanut" as called by local Taiwanese because of its delicious nut-like fruits
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小葉厚殼樹/Falsetea Ehretia
花輪生,無柄,花冠白色,裂片達花冠3/4 以上
People in Southern China used its leaves as a substitute for tea
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變葉木/Croton
葉形葉色富於變化,變種及栽培種繁多
Leaves come in various shapes and colors
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矮仙丹/Red Ixora
葉小生長緊密;夏、秋均能開花,花冠紅色
A very commom hedge tree with densely packed red flowers
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紅邊竹蕉/Common Dracena
葉中間綠色,葉緣有紫紅色或鮮紅色條紋
Slender pointed green leaves with purple red edges
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福木/Common Garcinia
核果球形,形如柑橘,綠色.熟時八月,黃色
It is believed by many Chinese that this tree brings luck.
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酒瓶蘭/Bottle Ponytail
基部作膨大狀。葉似竹蕉呈披針形而硬
A very funny looking plant with greatly enlarged bulb shaped trunk
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天堂鳥/Bird-of-paradise
花冠形似仰首伸項的鳥兒頭冠,色彩鮮明悅目殊雅可愛
The shape of the beautiful orange based flowers resembles a bird's head
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大王椰子/Royal Palm
幹平滑,無分枝,直立,有環紋
A very common tree found on campus and along streets
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側柏/Chinese Arborvitae
菱葉與扁平葉互相密接
Leaves appear as if they have been smashed flat.
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叢立孔雀椰子/Caryot Palm
葉像展開的孔雀尾
Leaves resemble a peacock's tail feathers
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羅比親王海棗/Roebelin Date Palm
小葉與總柄成45度射出
Leaflets form 45 degree angles to the stem
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黃椰子/Yellow Areca
幹具有環紋,呈金黃色。葉柄黃色
Nearly the entire plant, leaves, stems, and trunk, is yellow
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南洋櫻/Mother of Cacao
中南美栽作咖啡園及可可園之庇蔭樹
Planted around, cacao & coffee crops to provide shelter in Central and South America
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楊柳/Weeping Willow
小枝細垂,褐綠色
One of the most celebrated trees in Chinese poetry
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日日櫻/Rose-flowered Jatropha
每日開花
Blossoms everyday
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長葉暗羅/Mast Tree
葉面油亮,四季青翠
A very stubborn evergreen plant that never changes its color
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黃金榕/ Golden Leaves Fig
新葉金黃色,日照愈烈愈明E,老葉則漸綠化
Young leaves appear yellow which turn green with age
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蘭嶼羅漢松/ Lanyu Magi
葉先端圓或鈍形,邊緣反捲
A native species from Lanyu. Unlike other "羅漢松",its leaves have dull tips.
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小葉南洋杉/ Norfolk Pine
枝條為水平狀展開
Despite their spiny look, leaves are smooth to touch
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木棉/ Cotton Tree
種子藏於果內綿毛狀纖維內
Fruit contains cotton like fibers.
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紫背萬年青/ Rhoeo discolor
葉背紫色。成株葉腋常著生白色小花
Leaves and flowers have been used by local people to make soup as a cough remedy.
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印度塔樹/Ashoka Tree
樹冠整齊美觀,呈錐形成塔形。側枝纖細具下垂性
Chinese name derived from the shape of the tree crown---a tall slender tower.
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黃脈刺桐/Variegated Coral-tre
葉脈有金黃色線條
Leaves have yellow veins.
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龍柏/Dragon Chinese Juniper
鱗葉密生
Dragon Chinese Juniper has a distinct odor and very small scale leaves as shown:
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印度橡膠樹/Indian Rubber
樹皮赤褐色,葉厚大,新芽 紅色
Huge shining smooth, rubbery leaves
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菩提樹/Bo-tree
葉卵形,先端有尾狀披針形狀
Buddha is said to have founded Buddhism while sitting under this tree
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朱槿/Chinese Hibiscus
小枝紫紅色,葉柄紫紅色
Has long been one of the most common campus plants: large five-petaled typical-looking flowers come in assorted colors
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酒瓶椰子/Bottle Palm
樹幹如日本酒瓶
Gets its name for its bottle shaped trunk
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桃花心木/ Mahogany
果為大形之木質蒴果,自基部開裂為五厚瓣。種子上方有翅
Capsules contain seeds with wings that can glide in the air
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聖誕紅/X'mas Flowers
俗稱花者係葉狀苞
The red "petals" are not real petals。They are actually "bracts".
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福祿桐/Guilfoyle Polyscias
枝幹皮孔明顯。葉形因品種而異
Evergreen bush variations have highly diverse leaves
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九重葛/Paper Flower
常綠蔓性樹木,莖上有刺。花包於彩色葉狀苞內
Fast growing vine with various colored bracts that are commonly mistaken as petals
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桂花/Sweet Osmanthus
花白色(變種橙色或黃白色)香氣撲鼻。萼具四長齒
Tiny pale-yellow flowers yield faint yet distinct fragrance
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榕樹/Indian Laurel Fig
幹枝多氣根,對空氣污染抗害力特強
Extremely resistant to air pollution
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大車前草/Plantago major L.
車前草科
 
節節花/Alternanthera nodiflora R.Br.
莧科
 
滿天星/Alternanthera sessilis (L.)
 
 
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野莧菜/Amaranthus viridis L.
 
 
假千日紅/Gomphrena celosioides Mart.
 
 
火炭母草/Polygonum chinense L.
蓼科
 
扛板歸/Polygonum perfoliatum L.
 
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雷公根/Centella asiatica (L.) Urban
繖形科
 
葉下珠/Phyllanthus urinaria L.
大^科
 
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紅珠仔/Breynia officinalis Hemsl.
 
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小飛揚草/Euphorbia thymifolia L.
 
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大飛揚草/Euphorbia hirta L.
 
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鴨舌黃/Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
馬鞭草科
 
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海金沙/Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw
海金沙科
 
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六角英/Hypoestes purpurea R. Br.
爵床科
 
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虎葛/Cayratia japonica(Thunb.)Gagnep
葡萄科
 
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山葡萄/Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.)
 
馬齒莧/Portulaca oleracea L.
馬齒莧科
 
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雞屎藤/Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr
茜草科
 
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蠅翼草/Desmodium triflorum(L.)DC.
豆科
 
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穗花木藍/Indigofera spicata Forsk.
 
山地豆/Alysicarpus vaginalis(L.)DC.
 
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鱧腸/Eclipta prostrata L.
菊科
 
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咸豐草/Bidens pilosa L.var .minor(Blume)Sherff
 
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紫背草/Emilia sonchifolia(L.)DC.
 
加拿大蓬/Erigeron canadensis L.
 
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一枝香/Vernonia cinera(L.)Less.
 
黃鵪菜/Youngia strumarium(L.)DC.
 
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三角葉西番蓮/Passiflora suberosa L.
西番蓮科
 
孟仁草/Chloris barbata Sw.
禾本科
 
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牛筋草/Eleusine indica(L.) Gaertn.
 
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香附子/Cyperus rotundus L.
 
兩耳草/Paspalum conjugatum Berg.
 
地毯草/Axonopus compressus (Swartz) P.Beauv.
 
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林投/Pandanus odoratissimus L. f.
露兜樹科
 
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落葵/Basella alba L.
落葵科
 
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龍葵
 
 
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長柄菊
 
 
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馬蹄金
 
 
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鼠鞠舊
 
 
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非洲鳳仙花/ Impatiens walleriana
多年生草本花卉,喜性溫暖,忌高溫多濕
Perennial herbaceous flowers, prefer warm environment, avoid extreme heat and humidity


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